The grade 2 rubric has not changed. Grade 3 has a new writing rubrics aligned to writing standard W. The content of the rubrics has largely remained the same in grades 4 through high school with some language revised for clarity. Perhaps the largest revision is found in the sequencing of the four traits.
Interpretations[ edit ] Any score greater than or equal to 24 points out of 30 indicates a normal cognition. The raw score may also need to be corrected for educational attainment and age.
Low to very low scores correlate closely with the presence of dementiaalthough other mental disorders can also lead to abnormal findings on MMSE testing. The presence of purely physical problems can also interfere with interpretation if not properly noted; for example, a patient may be physically unable to hear or read instructions properly, or may have a motor deficit that affects writing and drawing skills.
The MMSE has been able to differentiate different types of dementias. Studies have found that patients with Alzheimer's disease score significantly lower on orientation to time and place, and recall compared to patients with dementia with Lewy bodies, vascular dementia and Parkinson's disease dementia.
The MMSE should be used as a screening device for cognitive impairment or a diagnostic adjunct in which a low score indicates the need for further evaluation. It should not serve as the sole criterion for diagnosing dementia or to differentiate between various forms of dementia.
The following four cut-off levels should be employed to classify the severity of cognitive impairment: The MMSE should not be used clinically unless the person has at least a grade eight education and is fluent in English.
While this recommendation does not discount the possibility that future research may show that number of years of education constitutes a risk factor for dementia, it does acknowledge the weight of evidence showing that low educational levels substantially increase the likelihood of misclassifying normal subjects as cognitively impaired Serial 7's and WORLD should not be considered equivalent items.
Both items should be administered and the higher of the two should be used. In scoring serial 7's each number must be independently compared to the prior number to insure that a single mistake is not unduly penalized.
WORLD should be spelled forward and corrected prior to spelling it backward.
The words apple, penny and table should be used for registration and recall. If necessary, the words may be administered up to three times in order to obtain perfect registration, but the score is based on the first trial.
The 'county' and 'where are you' orientation to place questions should be modified, the name of the county where a person lives should be asked rather than the name of the county where the testing site resides, and the name of the street where the individual lives should be asked rather than the name of the floor where the testing is taking place.
Folstein, Susan Folstein, and Paul R. While the MMSE was attached as an appendix to the article, the copyright ownership of the MMSE to the extent that it contains copyrightable content  remained with the three authors.
Pergamon Press was subsequently taken over by Elsevierwho also took over copyright of the Journal of Psychiatric Research.
Copyright Office on June 8, Such applications are no longer possible, given changes in patent law. Sweet 16 was a item assessment developed and validated by Tamara Fong and published in March ; like the MMSE it included orientation and three-object recall.
Assertion of copyright forced the removal of this test from the Internet.TCAP Writing Operational Test TCAP/WA GRADES 6–8 WRITING ASSESSMENT TENNESSEE COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT PROGRAM (TCAP) OPERATIONAL TEST WRITING PROMPT 1 Please read the following text.
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Watch breaking news videos, viral videos and original video clips on regardbouddhiste.com Student Assessment in Tennessee In every Tennessee classroom, teaching and learning looks different based on the textbooks, curricula, and lessons that school and teacher have chosen.
The state has a responsibility to make sure these varied learning opportunities are preparing all students for college, career, and life.