Unfortunately, such is not always the case. A few problems arise when one tries to make an ethical decision, especially as a leader. First, ethics may mean different things to different people. For example, my religious and spiritual beliefs are the foundation for what I deem ethical.
Bookmark Some years ago, a student asked to see me during office hours to talk about a personal problem that, she assured me, related to our recent ethics class. It seemed she was having difficulties with a new friend from the Dominican Republic.
She explained that in normal circumstances she would have ended the relationship, but she was reluctant to do so now because of affirmative action.
In fact, they reflect the complex relationship between communal and personal ethics, between moral theory and our everyday ethical decisions. How we understand these connections is critical to understanding the moral quality of our lives. This is the realm of everyday ethics.
Now would certainly seem to be the time to care more about everyday ethics. We regularly complain about the moral decay of our age, and we have good reason to do so.
Ethical misconduct is a mainstay of the news: CEOs raiding corporate coffers, widespread auditing fraud, unbridled cheating in school, scientists doctoring data, reporters lying about sources, politicians still acting like politicians—the incidence and variety of transgressions seem interminable.
No wonder that in a recent Gallup Pollnearly 80 percent of Americans rated the overall state of morality in the United States as fair or poor. Even more troubling is the widely held opinion that people are becoming more selfish and dishonest. According to that same Gallup Poll, 77 percent of Americans believe that the state of moral values is getting worse.
This perception of decaying values—accurate or not—has its own adverse consequences: For example, in a National Business Survey conducted in October ofa majority of workers claimed to have observed ethical misconduct in the workplace, roughly the same number as reported misconduct in the survey, but the number of employees who bothered reporting those transgressions fell by 10 percentage points.
But should these findings surprise us? Can we really teach our children to be more ethical? Or improve ourselves when we are adults? These are difficult but not rhetorical questions. What is everyday ethics? Keep the money and your mouth shut? Tell your friend—and possibly ruin his marriage—or mind your own business?
Is it okay to exact a little revenge and for once take credit for her labors? Do you tell her the truth: We face choices like these daily: Unlike moral issues that dominate our dinner conversations—legalizing abortion, preemptive war, raising the minimum wage—about which we do little more than pontificate, the problems of everyday ethics call for our own resolutions.
But how do we arrive at our judgments? For example, in answering the questions above, do you have a quick, intuitive response about what is proper, or do you consider broader moral principles and then derive a solution? In fact, in dealing with so many of our everyday moral challenges, it is difficult to see just how one would implement the principles of a moral theory.
No wonder that many moral philosophers insist they have no more to say about these specific situations than a theoretical physicist does when confronting a faulty spark plug. Nonetheless, your response to your curious teenager, as with all cases in the domain of everyday ethics, presents a practical, immediate moral challenge that you cannot avoid.
After all, who wants to hang out and grab a beer with a moral saint?
Indeed, who wants to be the kind of person who never hangs out and has a beer because of more pressing moral tasks? Still other critics note that typical academic moral arguments ignore the complexity and texture of our ordinary lives.Most people would indeed like to live an ethical life and to make good ethical decisions, but there are several problems.
One, we might call the everyday stumbling blocks to ethical behavior. Consider these: My small effort won't really make a difference. Today’s guest author is James Purvis. Everyday millions and millions of people interact with each other, socially, physically, and mentally.
To some extent, the choices and decisions we make on a day-to-day basis are all in some aspect subconscious, especially the tiny things.
What makes moral judgment and decision making unique? Morality has long been treated as a distinct area of scholarship. Should it be? Put differently, why is it necessary to have a separate chapter on moral judgment and decision making in this handbook?
Perhaps morality is distinctive only in its content and not in any deeper structural way. It is my belief that the ideal moral decision making process must combine the strengths of consequentialism and deontology while attempting to compensate for their errors. The best decision making process must involve an individual's own moral beliefs combined with the knowledge that can be gained from studying a large amount of moral theories.
Chapter 5 Personal Values Influence ethical choices. -Resolve to live in truth with yourself and with every person in your life.-Make promises carefully, then always keep your word.
-your behavior is a reflection of what you truly believe VALUES-the personal beliefs and preferences that influence your behavior. They are deep-seated in.
Strong and repeated evidence indicates that the regular practice of religion has beneficial effects in nearly every aspect of social concern and policy.