This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Developing a researchable question is one of the challenging tasks a researcher encounters when initiating a project.
This system is a top-down or vertical system in which your managers are ranked according to the power and authority you give them, from the highest level down to the lowest level.
This management structure can provide your company with a strong chain of command that ensures your decisions are implemented in the specific ways you require.
Top-Level Managers Depending on the size of your small business, top-level managers could include a board of directors, president, CEO and vice president. These managers are the vision-makers of your business and have significant involvement in making decisions and steering the direction of your company, both in the present and in the future.
Top-level managers develop important strategies for marketing, sales, company policy, and employee standards of performance.
At this level, input is typically only solicited from outside consultants, which means the desires of lower-level managers and employees are usually not factored into the decision-making process. Middle-Level Managers In most companies, middle-level managers report directly to top-level managers and are responsible for implementing organizational strategies and functions through communication with low-level managers and employees.
You often see middle-level managers in charge of different departments within an organization.
Middle-level managers are essential to your company, because they are the ones who must figure out how to turn the decisions that top-level managers make into actual tasks and projects that will achieve your goals.
They are the ones who develop performance indicators, performance metrics, production timelines and product development milestones. They must also resolve any personality conflicts among low-level managers, and ensure that communication between low-level managers and the rank-and-file is effective.
Low-Level Managers Although low-level managers are at the bottom of the hierarchical pyramid, they are a key aspect of the management structure. Examples of low-level managers include team leaders and supervisors who take their marching orders from middle-level managers.
They ensure that employees understand their roles and the expectations for every project the company undertakes. Low-level managers assign specific tasks to each employee, supervise daily employee activities, ensure that employees remain on production and development schedules, and provide feedback on tasks.
Low-level managers are also responsible for resolving employee dissatisfaction by gathering information about its sources and communicating that to middle-level managers. Low-level managers are on the front line, providing supervision, motivation and training to employees.For example, when a company moves from an efficiency-based strategy to a customer-focused one, members of the leadership team need to introduce a new reward system to promote a do-whatever-it.
The management research question hierarchy Research process problems The Favoured technique syndrome Problem definition Designing the study Sampling design Resource allocation and budgets Valuing research information Research proposal Pilot testing Data collection 2 5/5(3).
The process we call the management-research question hierarchy is designed to move the researcher through various levels of questions, each with a specific function within the overall business research process.
The management question is seen as the management dilemma restated in question format. A Systematic Review is a comprehensive, unbiased review of multiple research studies that tries to identify, appraise, select, and synthesize all high quality research evidence relevant to that research question.
Aileen’s PMP Exam Sample Question on Motivational Theories. You have just completed a three-day leadership development program. You loved learning about different motivational theories. An example of a research question “What is the usefulness or accuracy of the current pain scale assessment in treating a patient’s pain, and what are other options that may prove more useful?”Is this question researchable?.