As you may recall in the study of the Articles of Confederation as well as the debate over the ratification of the Constitution, the argument concerning the power of the federal government versus that of the states was a hot issue.
As you may recall in the study of the Articles of Confederation as well as the debate over the ratification of the Constitution, the argument concerning the power of the federal government versus that of the states was a hot issue. In fact, the debate continued for many decades after the Constitution went into effect, leading to the Civil War, which ultimately settled the supremacy of the federal government over the states.
Even so, the debate continues to one extent or another over where the boundaries between federal prerogative and states' rights should be drawn. The federal government has specific powers laid out in the Constitution.
And while the Tenth Amendment reserves any power "to the States respectively, or to the people" any powers not expressly granted to the federal government by the Constitution, Article IV details the relationship of the states with the federal government, as well as limits on the states.
And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof. This is known as the "full faith and credit clause. The Supreme Court has upheld the meaning as disallowing states from discriminating against citizens of another state over its own citizens.
The Supreme Court has ruled that federal courts may compel governors to surrender fugitives writs of mandamus. However, when it was in effect, it allowed for the extradition of runaway slaves returned on the claims of their enslavers.
It forbade the creation of new states from portions of current states or portions of two states combined unless the legislatures of the concerned state or states, as well as Congress, agreed. There was and still is, nominally debate about how the State of West Virginia came about, since it was carved out of a portion of the State of Virginia by Union sympathizers during the Civil War, and yet done so without the consent of the Virginia legislature.
In the past, such areas included the Louisiana Territory, the Oregon Territory, and Alaska before statehood. Examples today include Puerto Rico and Guam, which are not states but are U. Congress has final power over U. State governments run parallel to the federal government, with three branches of government.
State governments are very similar to each other and to the federal government. This will be discussed in more detail later in this chapter. The federal government also has a responsibility to protect states from invasion or attack. How State Governments Work[ edit ] As was mentioned earlier, state governments are very similar to the structure of the federal government, with three branches legislative, executive, judicial.
Each state has its own constitution, but the specifics of the laws, regulations, and the system itself differs from state to state. In this respect, states are not mere subordinate provinces of Washington, DC, but sovereign states in Union with each other.
State governments are thus very powerful compared to their counterparts in most other countries.
Elton E. Richter,Exclusive and Concurrent Powers in the Federal Constitution, 4Notre Dame L. Rev (). Government is powerless." "Two propositions in our Constitutional jurisdiction are in vesting the several powers exclusively in the Federal Gov-ernment, or whether the result was to . "List Two Authorities Held Exclusively By The Federal Government" Essays and Research Papers List Two Authorities Held Exclusively By The Federal Government founders of the United States desired a Federal Government with limited powers whose aim was primarily concerned with promoting the civil liberty of the Americans. The federal government also has a responsibility to protect states from invasion or attack. How State Governments Work [ edit ] As was mentioned earlier, state governments are very similar to the structure of the federal government, with three branches (legislative, executive, judicial).
Constitution remains the ultimate authority as supreme law of the land. Governor[ edit ] The executive branch of government in each of the states is headed by the governor, who is elected by the citizens of each state and not subordinate to federal authority.
As such, the governor is head of government, head of state, and commander-in-chief of the state's military forces the National Guard. The process for the election of the governor, the extent of his or her power, and the limitations on the governor's term of service are different for each state, according to each state's constitution.
Lieutenant governors are often elected on the same ticket as the governor. However, in 18 states, the governor and lieutenant governor are elected separately, and it is possible and often the case for governors and lieutenant governors to be of different political parties.
Lieutenant governors are essentially "second in command" to the governor, and have many roles similar to that of the vice president of the United States. If a governor is out of the state or dies or becomes incapacitated, the lieutenant governor takes over as governor though, in some states, the lieutenant governor becomes acting governor until an election is held.
The lieutenant governor is often the presiding officer of the upper house of the state legislature similar to the vice president's role as president of the U. Senateand in some states the lieutenant governor is equivalent to a secretary of state position in other states.
Departments and Offices[ edit ] Unlike the federal government, most states have plural executives, in which key members of the executive are elected by the people.
This is not true across the nation, however, and varies greatly by state, with some such positions done by election and some by appointment. In some states, all or several of these positions may be constitutionally-created, while in other states, some or all of these positions are appointed by the governor, legislature, or judiciary.
These posts include but are certainly not limited to secretaries of state, attorney generals, and state auditors. Secretaries of State are probably most known for their duties as the chief election officials of their respective states.
The secretary of state is usually in the line of succession for the governorship, usually after the lieutenant governor.The Constitution grants the federal government the following exclusive, expressed or enumerated powers: To regulate commerce with foreign nations, between . Federalism is a system of government that creates two relatively autonomous levels of government, each possessing authority granted to them by the national constitution.
Federal systems like the one in the United States are different from unitary systems, which concentrate authority in the national government, and from confederations, . Exclusive And Concurrent Federal Powers The legislative powers possessed by the Federal Government may be divided into two classes; the one embracing those powers the exercise of which is exclusively vested in the General Government; the other those which, in default of federal exercise, may be employed by the States.
The Constitution grants the federal government the following exclusive, expressed or enumerated powers: To regulate commerce with foreign nations, between . List two authorities held exclusively by the federal government, two held exclusively by the state governments, and two held concurrently.
Students also viewed these questions Briefly describe the functions of each of the three branches of government.5/5(1). Honors Government Chapter 4 Boling Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Search.
|What are Concurrent Powers||Political interpretation[ edit ] There are differences of opinion on whether current interpretation of enumerated powers as exercised by Congress is constitutionally sound. One school of thought is called strict constructionism.|
|What are the exclusive powers of the federal government||The Constitution grants the federal government the following exclusive, expressed or enumerated powers:|
|Enumerated powers (United States) - Wikipedia||What powers are given exclusively to the federal government?|
|Elastic Clause Concurrent Powers Concurrent powers refer to political powers that are shared by both the state and federal governments.|
Create. list the two schools that are land grant universities of , in this act, the federal government had donated public land to the states for the establishment of college; as a result 69 land- grant institutions were established.