August 17, in EducationPsychology with Comments Off on Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg on Moral Development Both Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg have made vital contributions to the study of human psychology, especially pertaining to the development of children. One aspect of the child psychology elaborated by both theorists is their moral development.
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He is director of Harvard's Center for Moral Education. His special area of interest is the moral development of children - how they develop a sense of right, wrong, and justice.
Kohlberg observed that growing children advance through definite stages of moral development in a manner similar to their progression through Piaget's well-known stages of cognitive development.
His observations and testing of children and adults, led him to theorize that human beings progress consecutively from one stage to the next in an invariant sequence, not skipping any stage or going back to any previous stage.
These are stages of thought processing, implying qualitatively different modes of thinking and of problem solving at each stage.
An outline of these developmental stages follows: Kohlberg's concept of consecutive stages of moral development is rich with theological implications. An application of his theory to the story of God's dealing with ancient Israel, offers a rational explanation of actions on God's part which may seem harsh or unduly severe from our perspective.
An application of Kohlberg's stage theory is especially relevant to current discussions of the gospel, the atonement, the Law, and the true character of God. Behavior motivated by anticipation of pleasure or pain.
Avoidance of physical punishment and deference to power. Punishment is an automatic response of physical retaliation.
The immediate physical consequences of an action determine its goodness or badness. The atrocities carried out by soldiers during the holocaust who were simply "carrying out orders" under threat of punishment, illustrate that adults as well as children may function at stage one level.
Marketplace exchange of favors or blows. Right action consists of what instrumentally satisfies one's own needs.
Vengeance is considered a moral duty. People are valued in terms of their utility. Acceptance of the rules and standards of one's group. Right is conformity to the behavioral expectations of one's society or peers.
Individual acts to gain approval of others. Good behavior is that which pleases or helps others within the group. Retribution, however, at this stage is collective.
Individual vengeance is not allowed. Forgiveness is preferable to revenge. Punishment is mainly for deterrence. Failure to punish is "unfair.
Respect for rules, laws and properly constituted authority. Defense of the given social and institutional order for it's own sake. Responsibility toward the welfare of others in the society. Justice demands that the wrongdoer be punished, that he "pay his debt to society," and that law abiders be rewarded.Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development (pages of Psych textbook) Part A: Read in your textbook and fill in the blanks over the stages of moral development as described by Lawrence Kohlberg.
You may write on this sheet. Discusses the relationship between Lawrence Kohlberg's cognitive-stage theory as a further development of Piaget's moral theory. Argues Kohlberg describes moral thought and not the formation of the independent moral function. Finds Kohlberg's major interest is in the characteristics of stages of individual moral reasoning and the principle of justice.
Moral development is the process thought which children develop proper attitudes and behaviours toward other people in society, based on social and cultural norms, rules, and laws.
Moral Development by Lawrence Kohlberg. Kohlbergs Stages of Moral Development research papers discuss Lawrence Kohlberg's theory that explains the growth of moral development in children. Research papers on Lawrence Kohlberg will illustrate that this famous psychologist sought to explain the growth of moral development in children.
Moral values reside in performing the right role, in maintaining the conventional order and expectancies of others as a value in its own right.
Stage 3: Good-boy/good-girl orientation Orientation to approval, to pleasing and helping others. Lawrence Kohlberg () developed a theory of moral development using Piaget’s () theory of moral judgment. His theory focuses on the thought process when an individual has good or bad behavior.