Shahadah also spelled Shahadaor Profession of Faith The most important duty of every Muslim in Islamic tradition is the recitation of the creed, or profession of faith, in one version or another:
NADEO has given permission for this edited version to appear here. Islam is the second largest of the religious traditions in the world. It has over one billion adherents. While the Islamic world includes Muslim countries stretching from North Africa to Southeast Asia, significant numbers of Muslims may be found throughout the entire world.
Historically, Islam is often viewed as a religious tradition which originated in seventh century Arabia with the prophet Muhammad and the divine revelation which he received from God that is recorded in the Quran. However, it is most important to realize that Muslims do not view Islam as a new religion.
Therefore, Jews, Christians, and Muslims are all followers of the same living God—cousins in a common family with a common ancestor, Abraham.
Muslims believe that the Quran is the final and complete revelation of God to all people. The central fact of the Muslim religious experience is Allah. The God of the Quran is one and transcendent, creator and sustainer of the universe, and the overwhelming concern of the believer.
The word "Islam" means "submission;" a Muslim is one who submits to God, one who is a servant of God. This is not a mere passivity; rather, it is submission to the Divine Will, a duty to realize actively God's will in history.
Thus, the Quran teaches that God has given the earth to man as a "divine trust" and that it is a person's duty and mission, as God's agent, to strive to realize God's will.
The Muslim's divinely mandated vocation is communal as well as individual. The Islamic community or state ummah is the dynamic vehicle for the realization of God's will and, as such, should serve as an example to the rest of the world since all humanity is called to worship and serve the one God.
Muslims look first to the Quran which contains God's commands and second to the example sunna of the prophet Muhammad who serves as the embodiment of Islamic values, as a living model for the community.
Traditions or reports Hadith of the prophet's words and deeds were preserved and written down by the early Muslim community. On the basis of these two sources, the Islamic way of life was developed and expressed comprehensively in the Shariah—Islamic Law.
Shariah literally means "the path," the road or way that all Muslims are to follow.
Muslim law reflects the fact that Islam is a total way of life in which there is an organic relationship between religion, politics, and society. Islam emphasizes practice over belief. As a result, law, not theology, has always been the most important area of concern to Muslims, for it provides the "straight path" Shariah which the Muslim must follow to realize God's Will.
At the heart of the law are five fundamental obligations or duties which constitute the five pillars of Islam: A Muslim is one who confesses that there is no God but God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
Islam affirms a radical monotheism in which the doctrine of the oneness of God is dominant. God is the creator, ruler, and judge of the world. He is merciful and compassionate, but He is also a just judge.
The second part of the confession of faith is the affirmation of Muhammad as the messenger of God, the last and final prophet, who serves as a model for the Muslim community. Though he is the ideal Muslim as Husband, father, leader, and judge, he was human, not divine.
Muslims are called to prayer five times each day dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and evening by the muezzin who stands atop the tower minaret of the mosque. This prayer is preceded by ablution, a cleansing of the body which purifies and thus prepares the Muslim for entering the presence of God.
Facing the holy city of Mecca, Muslims worship by standing, kneeling, and prostrating while reciting verses from the Quran.In Islamic tradition, the Night Journey, Isra and Mi'raj, are the two parts of a journey that the Islamic prophet Muhammad took in one night, around the year Many Muslims consider it a physical journey, but many consider it a dream, or a vision.
By way of analogy, the beliefs and customs of Islam supplementing the Qur'an, especially those embodied in the Prophet's Sunnah, are regularly also called inside the English-speaking intellectual circles (Islamic) tradition.
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To generate discussion on the nature and significance of these developments, The Institute of Ismaili Studies organized a seminar entitled ‘Intellectual Traditions in Islam’ held at the University of Cambridge, in August The key papers presented at the seminar have now become accessible through this publication to a wider audience of .
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