Contracts were secured to supply wool, wheat and meat to Britain. While primary producers prospered; there were shortages and price increases for many consumer goods in Australian cities.
If the Japanese military could successfully attack Hawaii and inflict damage on the naval fleet and casualties among innocent civilians, many people wondered what was to prevent a similar assault on the U.
Visit Website This fear of attack translated into a ready acceptance by a majority of Americans of the need to sacrifice in order to achieve victory. During the spring ofa rationing program was established that set limits on the amount of gas, food and clothing consumers could purchase.
Families were issued ration stamps that were used to buy their allotment of everything from meat, sugar, fat, butter, vegetables and fruit to gas, tires, clothing and fuel oil. Meanwhile, individuals and communities conducted drives for the collection of scrap metal, aluminum cans and rubber, all of which were recycled and used to produce armaments.
Many of these workers were women. Indeed, with tens of thousands of American men joining the armed forces and heading into Homefront australia ww2 and into battle, women began securing jobs as welders, electricians and riveters in defense plants.
Until that time, such positions had been strictly for men only. Soon afterward, Walter Pidgeona Hollywood leading man, traveled to the Willow Run aircraft plant in Ypsilanti, Michiganto make a promotional film encouraging the sale of war bonds.
One of the women employed at the factory, Rose Will Monroewas a riveter involved in the construction of B and B bombers. During the war years, the decrease in the availability of men in the work force also led to an upsurge in the number of women holding non-war-related factory jobs. By the mids, the percentage of women in the American work force had expanded from 25 percent to 36 percent.
Just over two months after Pearl Harbor, U. President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law Executive Orderwhich resulted in the removal from their communities and the subsequent imprisonment of all Americans of Japanese descent who resided on the West Coast.
Executive Order was the offshoot of a combination of wartime panic and the belief on the part of some that anyone of Japanese ancestry, even those who were born in the U. Despite the internment of their family members, young Japanese-American men fought bravely in Italy, France and Germany between and as members of the U.
By the end of the war, the th had become the most decorated combat unit of its size in Army history. Baseball and the Battlefield In JanuaryKenesaw Mountain Landisthe national commissioner of baseball, wrote a letter to President Roosevelt in which he asked if professional baseball should shut down for the duration of the war.
During the war, 95 percent of all professional baseball players who donned major league uniforms during the season were directly involved in the conflict.
Feller, in fact, enlisted in the U. Navy one day after Pearl Harbor. Because baseball was depleted of so many able bodies, athletes who otherwise likely never would have made the big leagues won spots on rosters. One of the more notable was Pete Graya one-armed outfielder who appeared in 77 games for the St.
Louis Browns in Not all those who served in the military were superstars. Over minor leaguers also were killed.
Other players overcame debilitating wartime injuries. One was Bert Sheparda minor league pitcher turned air force fighter pilot. The following year, he pitched three innings for the Washington Senators in a major league game. The movie-going experience included a newsreel, which lasted approximately 10 minutes and was loaded with images and accounts of recent battles, followed by an animated cartoon.
While many of these cartoons were entertainingly escapist, some comically caricatured the enemy. As for the main program, movie theaters showed non-war-related dramas, comedies, mysteries and Westerns; however, a significant segment of feature films dealt directly with the war.
Scores of features spotlighted the trials of men in combat while demonizing the Nazis and Japanese who perpetuated the conflict. Many appeared in government-produced training films and morale-boosting short subjects.Australian Homefront: Largest impacts came with the fall of Singapore on 15 February ; Curtin spoke of it as an opening for the “Battle for Australia”, furthered with combing of Darwin 19 February which was put by Curtin as “Australia’ Dunkirk”, heralding the battle for Australia.
Although most Australian civilians lived far from the front line of World War II, the Australian home front during World War II played a significant role in the Allied victory and led to permanent changes to Australian society.
The Civilian in War: The Home Front in Europe, Japan and the U.S.A. in World War II Exeter, UK: University of Exeter, Overy, Richard.
The Bombers and the Bombed: Allied Air War Over Europe, – (Viking; ) pages; covers the civil defence and the impact on the home fronts of Allied strategic bombing of Germany, Italy, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Bulgaria, and Scandinavia.
'Enemy alien' was the term applied to any immigrant who had moved to Australia from a country that was an enemy in World War II - Germany, Italy, or Japan; Upon the declaration of war against Germany, suspicions about Germans living in Australia were raised; There were thousands of German, Italian, and European migrants to Australia.
Demand increased exponentially for food and other agricultural products like cotton. Australia not onlyb had to oroduce, but also finaance the war effort. He Governmentb issued 'Austerity' war loans.
Australia had to suppl y not only the men serving in the Middle East, but the American troops sent ton defend th . The homefront.
Australia’s agricultural supply was vital to Britain’s war effort. Contracts were secured to supply wool, wheat and meat to Britain. While primary producers prospered; there were shortages and price increases for .