Toxins were discovered in the area inand new residents have reported unusual health problems. How can we prevent history repeating itself? But it is important for us, collectively, to remember. Ina leaking toxic dump with over 20, tons of chemical waste was discovered buried beneath an elementary school in the working class residential community of LaSalle in Niagara Falls, New York.
February 22, Throughout its history, Haiti has been hit by natural disaster after natural disaster. Over the past 30 years, weather conditions have been getting worse as the climate continues to change. SinceHaiti has been hit by ten hurricanes and other tropical storms, causing widespread loss of life and flooding with every landfall.
Other natural disasters, such as the earthquake, have also resulted in massive amounts of property and infrastructure damage, especially in urban areas like Port-au-Prince. This combination of environmental factors, worsened by soil erosion, has greatly contributed to Haiti being considered the poorest country in the Western hemisphere.
Here are some of the biggest natural disasters that have hit Haiti in the 21st century: May 23rdth, — Torrential Rains Although not a tropical storm or a hurricane, these two days of torrential rains caused extensive flooding throughout Haiti.
This resulted in entire villages being washed away, forcing tens of thousands of people to abandon their homes. In the end, the death toll was approximately 2, people. The primary reason that the flooding was so bad in rural areas, especially in the southeast, was because of deforestation and soil erosion in these regions.
These problems still plague Haiti today, and the farming practices that caused these problems in the first place continue to damage the land. We train students from rural areas in sustainable agricultural practices that they can then take back to their communities.
Our hope is that, over time, these young professionals will be able to reverse decades of unsustainable farming practices, healing the soil and the land.
This will not only help increase the food supply in Haiti and bring prosperity to these rural areas, but healthy soil and land will also stand as a barrier against any future flooding.
Then Hurricane Jeanne hit. Again, deforestation was one of the biggest factors that contributed to the terrible flooding, as the surrounding valleys could not hold the amount of water that Jeanne brought down over the course of its 30 hours.
Throughout August and September ofHaiti was repeatedly hit by a number of tropical storms and hurricanes. Each time one hit, it compounded the damage left by the previous one.
It started with Tropical Storm Fey hitting the entire country, causing widespread damage. Just ten days later, Hurricane Gustav hit the south peninsula, causing loss of life and serious property damage. A few days later, on September 1st, Hurricane Hanna impacted the north eastern parts of Haiti, causing massive flooding.
Finally, six days later, Hurricane Ike slammed into the western coastline of Haiti, causing heavy rains and flooding. January — Earthquakes In terms of loss of life, the earthquakes of January were the worst natural disasters to hit Haiti in generations, killing approximatelypeople in the areas affected.
On January 12th, a 7. There was widespread devastation across the region, and essential services and vital infrastructure were completely destroyed. Many hospitals and other aid sites such as the HQ of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti collapsed, further worsening the humanitarian crisis.
As a result of the disaster, over 30, commercial buildings were so badly damaged that they needed to be demolished. National landmarks, such as the National Palace and the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, were also severely damaged.
The educational system of Haiti was set back due to the disaster, as many schools and the three major universities in Port-au-Prince were directly affected in the wake of the earthquake.
The crisis was made even worse by a cholera outbreak in Port-au-Prince just a few months later in October. Due to displacement caused by the earthquakes, one million additional people were living in Port-au-Prince, many of them on the streets.
Damage to vital infrastructure, including communication systems and roads, further complicated matters, making it far more difficult to coordinate international aid efforts. Then, to top it all off, Hurricane Tomas hit, further worsening the crisis.
Even today, eight years later, you can still see the impact of the earthquake. October 3rd-4th, — Hurricane Matthew The last major hurricane to hit Haiti was also one of the worst.
It was the strongest storm to hit Haiti sincebut due to the effects of recent deforestation and soil erosion, the flooding and damage to the country was much worse than it was 50 years before. We are still feeling the effects of Hurricane Matthew today, especially in the rural regions where we do our work.
These areas, which were already struggling with poor soil conditions, poverty, and lack of education, were some of the hardest hit by Matthew, and all of the other natural disaster listed above.
Thanks to aid from the United States and emergency assistance from the United Nations, many areas of Haiti have partially recovered, but there is still much work to be done. As the only university that serves the rural areas of Haiti, we are dedicated to improving the level of education in these regions and bringing about lasting positive economic change for everyone.
With the continuing changes to the climate, we can expect more storms in the future, which only increases the importance of reaching our goals.Nov 15, · A history of BP's US disasters BP has settled criminal misconduct claims in the Deepwater Horizon disaster in a deal with the US Department of Justice.
Here is a short history . Top 10 Environmental Disasters. As the Gulf of Mexico oil spill shows little sign of abating, TIME takes a look back at history's greatest environmental tragedies. The Timeline of Environmental History is a chronological exploration of the history of the interaction between human culture and nature.
The timeline is based on the personal research and teaching interests of the author and is therefore selective in content and scope.
An environmental disaster is caused by human activity, and is therefore different from a a natural disaster which is caused by natural forces such as an earthquake or a tornado. Environmental disasters affect agriculture, biodiversity, the economy, and human health. This disaster inspired what European Union Law dubbed the Seveso Directive.
It was major legislation at the time, and its goal was to ensure the safety of the workers, the surrounding communities, and the environment’s natural resources. Geophysical disasters include volcanoes, earthquakes, volcanoes, rockfalls, landslides, and avalanches, those in which there may be no clear-cut causal relationship between the disaster and the weather.