Nonverbal communication Nonverbal communication describes the processes of conveying a type of information in the form of non-linguistic representations. Examples of nonverbal communication include haptic communicationchronemic communicationgesturesbody languagefacial expressionseye contactand how one dresses. Nonverbal communication also relates to the intent of a message. Examples of intent are voluntary, intentional movements like shaking a hand or winking, as well as involuntary, such as sweating.
He directly influenced Marshall McLuhan and continues to be a central figure in communications theory. His war experience, during which he saw Canadian soldiers used as cannon-fodder by the British, marked him for life: After the war, Innis studied political economy at the University of Chicago where he did his Ph.
As a young professor at the University of Toronto, Innis was concerned that Canadians were being deluged with American material, so he set about to remedy that deficit.
For his first book, The History of the Fur Trade in Canada, he retraced many of the routes of the early fur traders.
He went on to write books on the cod fisheries, the dairy industry, and the wheat industry. During his work on political economy, Innis developed the staples thesis, which asserted that the Canadian economy tended to rely on the production of single commodities: As a result, Canada found itself in a dependent, and vulnerable relationship to the major manufacturing nations, first Britain, then the U.
From the end of WWII until his death inInnis worked steadily on an investigation of the social history of communication, studying the communication media of the last years. From the thousand page manuscript which he left at his death came his two pioneering communications works: Empire and Communicationsand The Bias of Communication Most writers are occupied in providing accounts of the content of philosophy, science, libraries, empires, and religions.
Innis invites us instead to consider the formalities of power exerted by these structures in their mutual interaction. He approaches each of these forms of organized power as exercising a particular kind of force upon each of the other components in the complex.
McLuhan appreciated the way Innis used the technological events of history to test the accuracy of both that history and the lessons we have learned from it. Readers discover that "Innis never repeats himself, but that he never ceases to test the action of oral forms of knowledge and social organization in different social contexts.
Innis tests the oral form as it reacts in many different written cultures, just as he tests the effects of time-structured institutions in their varieties of contact with space-oriented societies" x.
Innis would, for example, be fascinated by the Nisga'a treaty negotiations in British Columbia, where a time-biased, marginalized and predominantly oral culture is attempting to communicate with a space-biased culture transfixed by the rule of written law.
To begin our inquiry into this area, he suggests we ask three basic questions: How do specific communication technologies operate?
What assumptions do they take from and contribute to society? What forms of power do they encourage?
For Innis, a key to social change is found in the development of communication media. He claims that each medium embodies a bias in terms of the organization and control of information.
Many students find essay writing to be an especially daunting task. Depending on the essay topic, research can take anywhere from a few hours to several days and the writing task itself cannot be done in a few minutes. Harold Adams Innis: The Bias of Communications & Monopolies of Power. Harold Adams Innis, a political economist, is widely credited with initiating an important discourse on media from a distinctly Canadian perspective. Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
Any empire or society is generally concerned with duration over time and extension in space. Time-biased media, such as stone and clay, are durable and heavy.
Since they are difficult to move, they do not encourage territorial expansion; however, since they have a long life, they do encourage the extension of empire over time. Innis associated these media with the customary, the sacred, and the moral.
Time-biased media facilitate the development of social hierarchies, as archetypally exemplified by ancient Egypt. For Innis, speech is a time-biased medium. Space-biased media are light and portable; they can be transported over large distances. They are associated with secular and territorial societies; they facilitate the expansion of empire over space.
Paper is such a medium; it is readily transported, but has a relatively short lifespan.🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. Technology can be viewed as an activity that forms or changes culture.
Additionally, technology is the application of math, science, and the arts for the benefit of life as it is known. Feb 13, · Walker, the result of these new technologies "was a complex and contradictory Words: — Pages: 6 Effects Of Technology Effects of Technology Essay The issue of technology being a part of modern life is a controversial one.
Some feel that the contribution of technology.
We are now just past what I referred to as "the next decade" (in the original paper) wherein so much was/continues to be determined about how - and how soon - we begin this next age - or if we do - before the planet (otherwise) overhauls itself.
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Harold Adams Innis: The Bias of Communications & Monopolies of Power. Harold Adams Innis, a political economist, is widely credited with initiating an important discourse on media from a distinctly Canadian perspective.