Definition Acceleration The rate of change of velocity. Value can be found from the gradient of a velocity-time graph. A flow of 1 coulomb per second is 1 ampere Amplitude The maximum displacement of a point of a wave from rest position. Height of a crest or depth of a trough measured from the undisturbed position.
Adjectives These are words that describe nouns e.
Writers use them to create a specific picture in the readers mind. Why has the writer used these adjectives? What picture does it create? Adverbs These are words that describe verbs. These can be used to add more detail to an action so that the reader can picture what is going on and how.
Why has the writer added detail to this action? Alliteration Repetition of a sound at the beginning of words, e. Why has the writer stressed these words? What point are they trying to make? Colour creates images in the readers mind and can affect atmosphere through connections the reader makes with that colour e.
How has it affected the atmosphere? Contrasts Strong differences between two things. A writer might write a paragraph about a beautiful place and follow it with a paragraph describing a run-down place to show the differences between the ways in which two groups of people live.
Why has the writer chosen to show these two things? What difference is being highlighted and why? Exclamations Show anger, shock, horror, surprise and joy, e. They are used to portray emotion and show how a character reacts or is feeling.
Why has the writer chosen to put the exclamation there? What emotion or reaction are they portraying? Humour Making a character or situation appear in a funny way can be used to mock the character or the place, or it could show that a character is humorous.
Why has the writer made this situation or character humorous? How does it affect the mood? Imagery including similes, metaphors, colour and use of the 5 senses- sight, sound, touch, taste and smell The words allow the reader to create an image in their and involve the reader in the moment being described.
What image has been created? What is the effect of involving the reader in the moment? Juxtaposition The positioning of two words, phrases or ideas next to, or near, each other. This highlights a contrast between two words, phrases or ideas, e.
What contrast is being highlighted and why? Metaphor A image created by referring to something as something else, e. Why is the word being compared to something else? What element of the thing that it is being compared to is being highlighted in the word. Negative diction Words that are negative, e.
This gives a negative tone and can portray negative feelings towards a character or situation.
Why has the writer created negative tone? What effect do these negative feelings have on the representation of the character or the atmosphere?
Onomatopoeia Words that sound like what the describe, e. Why does the writer want the reader to hear the sound?IGCSE GRADE 9 ACADEMIC YEAR COMPONENT: PAPER 1 (TITLE) Directed Writing and Composition SUBJECT Biology ().
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Transcript of IGCSE English Language Paper 3- Directed Writing. IGCSE English Language Paper 3- Directed Writing Question 2: narrative or descriptive writing What else can we use? Spend at least 5 minutes planning your composition give your writing structure (use paragraphs!).
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