An overview of the panic disorder its symptoms causes and treatments

Numbness or tingling in the body Feeling unreal or detached A fear of losing control or going crazy A fear of dying An attack usually passes in minutes, but it can linger for hours. So people with panic attacks often wind up in the emergency room for evaluation.

An overview of the panic disorder its symptoms causes and treatments

Feeling unreal or detached from your surroundings Sweating Feeling dizzy, light-headed, or faint Numbness or tingling sensations Fear of dying, losing control, or going crazy Is it a heart attack or a panic attack? In fact, many people suffering from panic attacks make repeated trips to the doctor or the emergency room in an attempt to get treatment for what they believe is a life-threatening medical problem.

Panic disorder is characterized by repeated panic attacks, combined with major changes in behavior or persistent anxiety over having further attacks. You may be suffering from panic disorder if you: If you have panic disorder, the recurrent panic attacks take an emotional toll.

The memory of the intense fear and terror that you felt during the attacks can negatively impact your self-confidence and cause serious disruption to your everyday life.

An overview of the panic disorder its symptoms causes and treatments

Eventually, this leads to the following panic disorder symptoms: Anticipatory anxiety — Instead of feeling relaxed and like your normal self in between panic attacks, you feel anxious and tense. This anxiety stems from a fear of having future panic attacks.

Phobias and Irrational Fears: Recognize, Treat, and Overcome Them Phobic avoidance — You begin to avoid certain situations or environments. Or you may avoid places where escape would be difficult or help would be unavailable if you had a panic attack.

Taken to its extreme, phobic avoidance becomes agoraphobia. Panic disorder with agoraphobia Agoraphobia was traditionally thought to involve a fear of public places and open spaces. However, it is now believed that agoraphobia develops as a complication of panic attacks and panic disorder.

Although it can develop at any point, agoraphobia usually appears within a year of your first recurrent panic attacks. Because of these fears, you start avoiding more and more situations.

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For example, you may begin to avoid: Crowded places such as shopping malls or sports arenas. Cars, airplanes, subways, and other forms of travel.

Social gatherings, restaurants, or other situations where it would be embarrassing to have a panic attack.

Physical exercise in case it triggers panic. Certain food or drinks that could provoke panic, such as alcohol, caffeine, sugar, or specific medications. Going anywhere without the company of someone who makes you feel safe. In more severe cases, you might only feel safe at home.

Causes of panic attacks and panic disorder Although the exact causes of panic attacks and panic disorder are unclear, the tendency to have panic attacks runs in families.

There also appears to be a connection with major life transitions such as graduating from college and entering the workplace, getting married, or having a baby.

Severe stresssuch as the death of a loved one, divorce, or job loss can also trigger panic attacks. Panic attacks can also be caused by medical conditions and other physical causes. The following self-help techniques can make a big difference to helping you overcome panic: Learn about panic and anxiety.

Simply knowing more about panic can go a long way towards relieving your distress.

An overview of the panic disorder its symptoms causes and treatments

Read up on anxietypanic disorder, and the fight-or-flight response experienced during a panic attack. Avoid smoking, alcohol, and caffeine. These can all provoke panic attacks in people who are susceptible. If you need help to kick the cigarette habit, see How to Quit Smoking.

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Also, be careful with medications that contain stimulants, such as diet pills and non-drowsy cold medications.Zoloft (sertraline) is a medication that's frequently prescribed to treat a number of different psychiatric disorders including depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and social anxiety disorder.

Panic attacks may be a symptom of an anxiety disorder. Symptoms and signs include palpitations, shaking, and chest pain. Get the facts on causes and medications used in treatment. Take this Panic Attacks Quiz to learn causes, symptoms, and treatments for panic disorder.

Use this quiz to learn to recognize the main elements of this serious, yet common disorder known as panic attacks. Many people have just one or two panic attacks in their lifetimes, and the problem goes away, perhaps when a stressful situation ends.

But if you've had recurrent, unexpected panic attacks and spent long periods in constant fear of another attack, you may have a condition called panic disorder.

Symptoms; Causes; Diagnosis; Treatments; or generalized anxiety disorder as well as for panic thought patterns and behaviors that trigger deep anxiety or . Anxiety disorder due to a medical condition includes symptoms of intense anxiety or panic that are directly caused by a physical health problem.

Generalized anxiety disorder includes persistent and excessive anxiety and worry about activities or events — even ordinary, routine issues.

Panic Disorder: What It Is and How to Get Help